Turkey - September 2009

Ephesus on the Aegean Coast

Photos by Walt & Gloria Fogler-Mancini

The Aegean Coast of Anatolian Turkey has been colonized and conquered by many peoples.   Greeks settled around Ephesus in the tenth century B.C.  Around 550 B.C., the Temple of Artemis was completed and became known as one of the Seven Wonders of the World before it was destroyed.  This picture shows the site today.  It includes ruins of the sixth century Basilica of St. John the Evangelist, a sixth century Byzantine citadel, a monastery and a 14th century Selcuk mosque. 

Ephesus is said to be “One of the greatest ruined cities in the world.”  Cruise ships bring thousands to see the ruins of the Roman city that had over 250,000 people.   

After Alexander the Great’s death in the fourth century B.C., his successors ruled Anatolia and Lysinachus founded Ephesus as we know it today.  Hellenistic cities gradually came under the control of Rome and Augustus made Ephesus the capital of “proconsular” Asia in 27 B.C. Heavy taxes were levied even though Greek continued to be the common language. 

This small amphitheater is the Odeon that was used for town meetings.

The Temple of Hadrian commemorated the visit of the Emperor Hadrian in 123 A.D.  It is on a colonnaded street formerly lined with the houses of wealthy citizens. 

The Library of Celsus was built by a Roman consul for his father in 114-117 A.D. to house over 12,000 scrolls.  It is a superb example of Roman public architecture. 

Ephesus’ Roman amphitheater could hold over 25,000 people. The city remained important though the 4th to 6th centuries as part of the Byzantine Empire.  It slowly declined as it’s harbor silted up and it lost commerce.  The harbor on the Aegean is now five kilometers away.

The photographs were taken with Leica digital cameras, an M8, D-LUX 2 and R9 with a digital back.  All images are copyrighted and may not be reproduced without permission.  If you are interested in information about images or prints, please e-mail us at fogler.mancini@sbcglobal.net.       

March 14, 2010                                                                                                                                        wgfm

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